“What is the current price of an honest man and patriot today? They are ambiguous and saddened, and they sometimes make appeals, but they do nothing decisive and effective. They are expecting, well-intentioned, that someone else will correct the evil so that there is no longer any sorrow for them. At best, they sacrifice only a cheap vote, and a tiny support and hope for good success, for the right as they see it. “
Henry David Thoreau
Henry David Thoreau in his essay “On the Duty of Civil Disobedience” was adamant about refusing to submit to an oppressive state. His ideas were influenced by Mahatma Gandhi, and also by Minister Martin Luther King Jr. who was a proponent of disobedience and resistance in a non-violent way. Strikes, symbolic protests, the boycott of certain products and refusing to make payments (see tax, tolls, and so on.) are peaceful means of resistance and civil disobedience. Usually it is not part of the existing system of government and requires massive mobilization.
Based on research findings, the major peace efforts were more effective when compared to violent resistance campaign.
A massive mobilization was also achieved through the ministry of Martin Luther King Jr. on August 28, 1963, with the March on Washington in which 250,000 protesters participated. Gandhi had succeeded in mobilizing his people as he had created the vision of independence of people of the Indians from the British colonialists. Its vision of independence, that has also was embodied in Gandhi’s continual instructions, has been successful in achieving social solidarity among the Indian people, and in reducing the gap between classes in India.
In the March of this year, he gave his famous “I Have a Dream” speech. Martin Luther King was arrested and wrote from prison the famous “Letter from Birmingham” in which Martin Luther King called for civil unrest against oppressive laws. The Kennedy government understood the explosive situation that had developed and in 1964, the Human Rights Law passed.
It is crucial to remember that, according to analysts the issue wasn’t created by the ones that were against the rights of black people instead, it was caused by moderate supporters who demanded restraint, thereby creating the violence of the blacks i.e. Black Panthers.
This point is very much in accordance with what Thoreau stated: “Those who, while condemning the character and measures of a government, give it their submission and support are undoubtedly its most conscientious supporters, and thus they are often the most serious obstacles to the reform “.
The success of resistance campaigns is when they are massive, receive the support of security forces and civil servants, and If possible, they have international support, but only from prestigious groups that will not harm the credibility of the campaign.
Mass media support is equally important in the case for Martin Luther King Jr. ‘s March on Washington, which was widely reported and reported on by media. If media outlets fail to help with the provision of independent information and proper technology, it is up to the “weight” falls into the independent voices i.e. on the Internet websites, blogs, portals and alternative YouTube channels as well as social media. Peace activists also emphasize the importance of distributing educational materials (books DVDs, brochures, books as well as.) that will inform the audience about the results of previous peaceful campaigns. The activists emphasize that this is particularly important to mobilize the masses, specifically imparting information and teaching (Gandhi’s example of ongoing teaching proves this).
We live in an era of economics when democracy is fading to benefit the global financial industry. Regimes that are autocratic will try to stifle peaceful reactions through Internet monitoring, as well using other strategies, including the oppression of people through laws that are prohibitive and sometimes, even giving citizens a hard time.
Can the modern day citizen tolerate it or is s/he so removed that he/she does not want to fight now? What’s the reason why there’s not an organization that has a vision and can mobilize people? Could it be because the that leadership is not equally embraced? Does it make sense to hope for leadership when social movements around the world are huge and not being led by anyone?
The questions arising from the absence of peaceful mobilization and civil disobedience are numerous and it is interesting for you to research them further in order to find an answer.